I am calling this experiment "The Bottle Experiment". Why I am calling it the bottle experiment is because I have found out that you can find a ready made resonator in the molding marks at the bottom of refreshment bottles made of glass. What we are going to do is make the resonator perform in just such a way that you can see light form a positive lens. But other things of interest that can happen are. some times it will form a negative lens. Which some times will form a long tube of light. You get to watch how two positive lenses shape shift to form a negative lens. That negative lens are formed by two half's. That positive lenses can some times form open ended positive lens. This means that the positive lens will form a hole where the focal point should be. A tube with in a tube.
Tea, fruit juice and a lot of others bottles have these mold marking at the bottom. This is what makes the experiment so cheap to do. If you drink refreshments found in glass bottles. Don't through the bottles in the trash when your finished drinking the liquid from them. Save them for use in an experiment later. You can collect a lot of bottles real fast from the trash cans. That other people have thrown away. If you do it this way. The experiment can be done for free. The bad part is you don't get to drink the liquid refreshments. There is a name for this type of technique. It's called Dumpster Diving.
When you are able to drag that large bag a bottles back to the house. I mean lab. Keep the lid if you can. You can use it later. Take the labels off the bottles and clean them up. Wash them. Inside and out. Dirty finger prints are any thing else that might be on the glass. This is an optical experiment. You have to keep the glass of the bottle clean for best results.
Look at the bottom of the bottles on the out side and on the side at the bottom. There are these little round raised dote. The glass is transparent. The surface of the glass is an excellent reflecting surface. It acts like a mirror. The surface of the glass acts like a slitter. Because the light that you are going to be view is on the inside of the glass. The glass acts like a one membrane slitter. This means the there will be less interference with the light. A slitter used in optical experiments. It lets some of the light go through the glass. And at the same time. Some of the light is reflected back by the mirror effect of the surface of the glass.
The in side of the bottle is smooth and flat like. Almost flat. It is curved. Bottles are rounded. The use of this curved mirror probably plays a roll in why the light will perform the was that it does. The dote on the out side of the bottle. It Looks like a half sphere. It acts like concave mirror. But when you put a concave mirror up close to a flat or almost flat mirror. The dynamic in the system of the equipment. The system acts as if there are two concave mirror there face to face. There is one real concave mirror and one virtual mirror. A virtual mirror will work the same as if it is a real mirror. This type of set up is called a resonator.
They are able to produce some very weird effects with light.
Because what we are going to use to get the light to diffract around the edges at a 90 degree angel to the edge of the object. Is a small speck of dust. Or sand. Black sand works best. I used some carbon dust. Coal dust would work. It is opaque to the light. This means that the light will not pass through the object.
We are going to place the specks of black dust on the inside of the bottle. In line with the concave mirror, and in line with the center of the real concave mirror. The almost flat glass on the inside of the bottle is found to be resting in the middle. Half way between the two concave mirrors. Found half way between the real concave mirror and the virtual mirror.
Make your room as dark as possible for best results. Use a small bright led light bulb. Stand about 30 feet from it. With one of the clean bottles. Hold the bottle up close to your eye. With in the optical range. Just like you would as if you were looking in to a microscope. Look into the center of one of the dote. The concave mirrors. The light will pass through both sided of the bottle and in to your eye. You should be able to see A costic sheet of light Most of them are rounded A rounded membrane. The membrane should have a fringe pattern in it. Looks a lot like ruffle with ridges. Rows of light. Like rows that are found in a plow field of soil. Some where I read that this is where we got the word of field energy from. These fringes are some times called Newton rings.
They say that these bands of light are caused by the constructive and destructive interference pattern of the wave part of light. That may or may not be a true statement. You are looking at a clean bottle.
Sprinkle some black dust into the bottle. And look at it again. Nothing will happen. There a few things that have to be don't in order to make the bottle perform right. So that you can see the light of the positive lens in the resonator.
I haven't been able to solve all of the mysteries found in the bottle and why it works the way that it does. It is to complex. It is compound complex. There are a lot of different thing going on in the dynamic of the system in the field energy of the resonator of the bottle.
Here is one aspect of why you are allow to see the shape of th positive lens in the bottle. There is more than one resonator up and running in the experiment. You have to make a resonator. All round the speck of dust. To get a feel for what this second resonator is like do this. When you look at a bright light at night. If you squint your eyes. The light will form a glare of light. Makes the light bulb look like it is growing lines of light out of the top of the light bulb. The glare is not coming out of the top of the light. Where the lines of light is forming at is on the inside of your eye. While looking at the light . If your open your eyes wide. The glare goes a way. If you squint you eyes again the glare comes back. The moisture on the top of your eye lid . Is acting as a resonator.
The same light that passes through the moisture on top of your eye lid. Is the same light that goes past the edge of the hole in your eye. When the light goes past the edge of the hole in your pupil. The light id diffracted in towards the edge of the hole at a 90 degree angle in relation ship to the edge. It is this light that is on the inside of your eye. That you are looking at. For the same reasons that you can see the light on the inside of your eye. Is the same reason you will be able to see the positive lens in the bottle. Your eye can also act like a resonator. This is why a cat's eyes can be seen in the dark. If you shine a light on them.
Just kike a black speck of dust. You can tale round disk And build a resonator around the edges of it and get an effect. To do this you need A disk (a penny ) Some two part epoxy glue form Wal-Mart. Cost about five dollars. And small sheet of plexiglass. A sheet of plastic. If you go down to lumber yard. They usually have some small pieces of scrap laying around that they will give you for free if you ask they. You could use the plastic cover on food boxes like cakes or carry out disks.
You mix up your glue. Take a tooth pick and put a even bead of glue on top of the penny. Along the edge. Turn the penny over and drop it from s short distance on the top of the flat sheet of plastic. We want to make the glue that is on the under side of the penny. Between the penny and the plastic. To come out from under neath the penny and form a ring all the way round the edges of the penny. Don't push down on the penny to make the glue come out. Place your finger on top of the penny. In the center of the penny.
The penny is about 1/4 inch round. But if you move the penny around in a very small circle. About a 1/16 inch circle. The glue will work it's self out from under the penny. And form a bead on all sides of the edge of the penny. If you want you can use honey instead of glue to get some practice in on doing this. And when you fill that your read. You have got the hang of thing. Do the same thing . But this time use the glue.
When you have the glue even on all side. Stop moving the penny in a circle. And let the glue dry for a little bit. When the glue gets hard. About ten minutes. But not real hard. This is the time that you want to take the penny off the plastic. To get the penny off the plastic. All you have to do is bow the plastic a little. And the penny will pop off. Let it dry for about two more hours.
Then you can take it out in to the sun light. Hold it about one inch about a back drop. And you will be able to see the light form a focal point of th positive lens that the light makes when it diffract past the edge of the penny. The same path that the light takes by the edge of the penny Is also the same path that the light takes trough the resonator. Along the edges of the penny. You can see the focal point in the darkest part of the shadow of the penny. Does the light do the same thing when you don't use the resonator?
Yes, they have proven that the light can be detected with a particle detector. The only thing is when the resonator is not there you cant see the focal point of light. You are going to do the very same thing with the black speck of dust in the bottle experiment. The only difference is in the resonator of the bottle Some thing really weird happens. You can not only see the focal point. You also get to see the walls of the membranes of the positive lens. And you get to see what the light does after it goes through the focal point. On the other side of the focal point. See the lens as a three dimensional geometrical shape that the field energy forms of a positive lens. Like those found in nature. Buy nature. Which is really neat. Plus you get to see it do a lot of other real neat stuff.
Now all we have to do is find a simple way to form a resonator all the way round the edges of the black speck of dust. That we are going to use in the experiment. To get the positive lens to form. No problem. I have all ready found the way.
I painted air craft in Dallas for about a year. I know that if you have so much as one grain on the surface of the panel that you are painting. It will show up. If you have liquid with a lot of sugar in it. When it dries. The surface will dry to a smooth surface. Just like glass. Lolly pos are made out of rock candy. They are shine like glass. If you take some fruit juice. Which has a lot of sugar in it. If you mix some black specks of dust in the juice. Put it on the inside of the bottle. Not much. About a 1/4 tea spoon or less. Just enough to coat the in sides of the bottle. It will stick to the sides.
The juice will cling the sides of the specks of black dust. And after you coat the insides of the bottle. Set it on it's side In the sun and let it dry out for about two days. Put the lid back on the end of the bottle. After it gets dry on the inside of the bottle you put the cap back on the bottle to make sure that the inside of the bottle stays dry. If moisture gets in the bottle. The juice will melt just like a sugar cube. And then all is lost.
Then check out every one of the dote. May have as many as ten dote. This is like going fishing. You have to rely on chance to find the positive lens. Luck. You may have to go through five bottles before you find some thing interesting to look at. What you look for is a black dot in the membrane Or some kind of interference pattern. Watch the black dot and move the bottle to one side, and then to the other side and up and down. about a 45 degree angle of movement on all sides. If you don't find some thing in the first concave resonator. Don't whether about it. Go to the next one. And if there is nothing in that bottle . Go to the next bottle.
When you find some thing in the dot that you are looking at. Put a small piece of black electrical tape Over the dote to the left and right. It will make it easier to see. And easier to find when every you come back to it later. You can take a felt pen and write on the side of the bottle so that you will know what is there with out looking.
I had looked at about 500 bottles. I had a collection of about fifty bottles that I liked. My kids cleaned out the storage shed one day and through them all a way. One man's junk is a another man's gold. Oh well there's a lot more where they came from.
I will get back around to taking picture some day. If you are using film. You have to use time elapse photography. About six seconds elapse time. Any less. Nothing show up in the picture. And more that. It will over expose the film. And again nothing show up in the pictures. You have to make a frame for the bottle to sit in. And a frame for the camera to sit in. Both frames have to be built together. What you want is no movement. This means hand off.
I want to try digital cameras. Streaming video would be best. This way you get to see the shape shifting. Which is important. In finding out what is going on with the field energy. Use more that one camera at one time. And a split screen monitor. And a slitter. And get to watch the parallel universe effect.
There is a warning that I have to tell you about. Looking at a bright for long period of time at night. Is not good for your eye. To much of a good thing is not good for you. Like sitting to close to the T.V. Or being on the net for to many hours. You will have red eye the next day. Red eye for looking at the light and red eye because you stayed up till four in the morning. The red eye double whammy.